Characterization and Evaluation of Liquid Residuals from Refinery “Camilo Cienfuegos”, Cuba
Petroleum industry in Cienfuegos province is represented by “Camilo Cienfuegos” Refinery. It is a potential contamination and degradation risk of air, water and soil, whether for accidental discharges or for the emission of its dangerous residuals to the environment. For this reason, it is necessary to establish environmental continue monitoring programs, to evaluate the derived results, and to take the appropriate actions to eliminate or to reduce the risks and damages. The objective of this research was to evaluate the liquid residuals in the biologic oxidative pool, the last stage of the Residual Treatment Plant of the Refinery, and also in the last control point previous to the discharge of the residuals to Cienfuegos´ bay. The main contamination parameters were measured and evaluated according to the Cuban norm: NC 521:2007. Water Wastes Discharges to the Coastal Zone and to Marine Waters.
Keywords: contamination, petroleum industry, residuals, Cuba.
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