First report of anthraquinonesin leaves from picramniagracilistul


  • Beatriz O. Devia-Castillo Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá DC
  • Oscar Javier Yepez-Rendón Proyecto Curricular de Licenciatura en Química, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá
  • Mónica Alexandra Rey-Montaño Proyecto Curricular de Licenciatura en Química, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá
  • Silva Carrero Diego-Alejandro Proyecto Curricular de Licenciatura en Química, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá


Picramnia species have been known for their ethnobotanical use in traditional medicine and as promising sources of natural dyes. Picramniagracilis (URU) is a species used as bytheIka indigenous community of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia as a source of natural colorants, distributed in the Neotropic of the American continent. Ethanolic extract of leaves of the species was fractionated with solvents of increasing polarity and purified by column chromatography for isolation and identification of the anthraquinones previously registered in genus: aloe-emodin, emodin, chrysophanol and nataloe-emodin, and are reportedfor the first time in the species. The compounds were identifiedby HPLC-DAD and NMR 1H and 13Cspectroscopy.The analysis of the extract obtained from the fibers dyed with this species, showed that the anthraquinoneschrysophanol (1) and nataloe-emodin (2) as the main coloring compounds present, responsible for their dyed property.

Keywords: picramniagracilis, anthraquinones,nataloe-emodin, natural dyes, dyed property.


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How to Cite

Devia-Castillo, B. O., Yepez-Rendón, O. J., Rey-Montaño, M. A., & Diego-Alejandro, S. C. (2019). First report of anthraquinonesin leaves from picramniagracilistul. Revista Cubana De Química, 31(3), 414–426. Retrieved from