Adsorción de ciprofloxacina en materiales zeolíticos

  • Rosa I. Meneau-Hernández Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (IMRE), Universidad de La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
  • José A. Millán-Arrieta Facultad de Química, Universidad de La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
  • Katia Borrego-Morales Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (IMRE), Universidad de La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
  • María D. Alba-Carranza Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla (ICMS), Sevilla, España
  • Tania Farías-Piñeira Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (IMRE), Universidad de La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
Palabras clave: zeolitas; clinoptilolita; zeolita A; ciprofloxacina; adsorción.

Resumen

En este trabajo se sintetizó una zeolita A jerarquizada y se evaluó su capacidad de adsorción frente al fármaco modelo ciprofloxacina. Se empleó a modo de comparación una clinoptilolita natural cubana. La síntesis se realizó por vía hidrotermal usando cenizas de cáscara de arroz como fuente de silicio y un surfactante como plantilla para la generación de mesoporos. Los resultados mostraron que el método de síntesis permite obtener una zeolita A jerarquizada con alta pureza y cristalinidad, un tamaño de partícula de 500 nm y un diámetro de poro medio de 33 nm. La zeolita sintetizada mostró una capacidad de adsorción de ciprofloxacina (383 mg/g) muy superior a la de la zeolita natural (73 mg/g), y superior además, a la de otros adsorbentes reportados en la literatura. Estos resultados son prometedores para el empleo del material desarrollado en la remoción de fármacos en aguas residuales.

Citas

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Publicado
2021-03-10
Cómo citar
Meneau-Hernández, R. I., Millán-Arrieta, J. A., Borrego-Morales, K., Alba-Carranza, M. D., & Farías-Piñeira, T. (2021). Adsorción de ciprofloxacina en materiales zeolíticos. Revista Cubana De Química, 33(1), 167-190. Recuperado a partir de https://cubanaquimica.uo.edu.cu/index.php/cq/article/view/5173
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