Chemical composition and insecticidal activity against mosquitoes of the essential oil of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb


  • Quirino Arias-Cedeño Centro de Estudios de Química Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Técnicas, Universidad de Granma, Cuba
  • Maureen Leyva-Silva Departamento de Control de Vectores, Instituto de Medicina Tropical “Pedro Kourí”, La Habana, Cuba
  • Pedro L. Guevara-Blanco Centro de Estudios de Química Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Técnicas, Universidad de Granma, Cuba
  • Lázaro E. Valdés-Izaguirre Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Universidad de Granma, Cuba
  • Peter- Langer Departamento de Química Orgánica, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Rostock, Alemania


Curcuma aeruginosa; essential oil; curzerenone; larvicidal activity; adulticidal activity.


In order to develop natural alternatives to control mosquitoes of medical importance, the chemical composition and insecticidal activity of the essential oil of the rhizomes of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb were evaluated. The oil was characterized by its organoleptic, physical-chemical properties and ultraviolet and infrared spectra. The quantification of the oil components was carried out by gas chromatography and the major ones were identified by mass spectrometry; Curzerenone was the most abundant component. The insecticidal activity was evaluated in populations of Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus using methodologies standardized by the World Health Organization. The oil maintained an homogeneous response against the three mosquito populations, showing significant larvicidal and adulticidal activities. It constitutes the first report of the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. aeruginosa cultivated in the eastern Cuban region and the bioassays conducted demonstrated its insecticidal potential as an ecological alternative.


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How to Cite

Arias-Cedeño, Q., Leyva-Silva, M., Guevara-Blanco, P. L., Valdés-Izaguirre, L. E., & Langer, P.-. (2024). Chemical composition and insecticidal activity against mosquitoes of the essential oil of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. Revista Cubana De Química, 36(1), 29–42. Retrieved from




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